Tokyo Medical and Dental University (東京医科歯科大学 Tōkyō ika shika daigaku) is part of Japans national university system. Tokyo Medical and Dental University offers baccalaureate and graduate degrees in medicine, dentistry, and related fields.

The university is originally rooted in Eiraku Hospital (永楽病院 Eiraku byōin) which was associated with Tokyo Medical License Exam in 1899. The university was founded under the title of Tokyo National School of Dentistry (東京高等歯科医学校 Tōkyō kōtō shikai gakkō) as the first national school of dentistry in Japan on October 12, 1928. The school received university status in 1944 as Tokyo Medical and Dental College. It was renamed to Tokyo Medical and Dental University in 1946. Separate Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Dentistry were established in 1951, along with a research institute dedicated to materials, which was later expanded to the current Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering. In 2000, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences replaced the former Graduate School. In accordance with the National University Corporation law, the school became a National University Corporation in 2004

Tokyo Medical and Dental University has over 200 international students, mainly from Asian countries. The university has university exchange and affiliation agreements with universities from over 25 other countries. Since 2002 the university has had an agreement with Partners Harvard Medical International involving enhancement of TMDU’s education programs. An exchange program between Faculty of Medicine and Imperial College London was launched in 2004. The faculty of dentistry has agreements with several schools in the US, UK, Australia and Canada.

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